The Civil Rights Movement
TIMELINE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
- Feb 12, 1909: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded
Founded by Ida B Wells-Barnett, W.E.B Dubois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villiard, and William English Walling.
Originally known as the National Negro Committee
May 17, 1954: Brown v. Board of Education
Ruled segregation in public schools unconstitutional, overturning the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson. Major victory for civil rights attorney Thurgood Marshall
August 18, 1955: Murder of Emmett Till
December 1955- : Montgommery Bus Boycott
Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white woman, and sparks a boycott of the Montgomery Buses. They were boycotting the segregation of buses.
May 17, 1957: Prayer Pilgrimage of Freedom
Non-violent demonstration in front of the Lincoln Monument to commemorate the Brown v. Board of Education ruling 3 years earlier.
Sept. 3, 1957: Integration of Little Rock Central High School
9 African American students integrated the high school under the protection of the Arkansas National Guard.
- Sept. 9, 1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957
Allowed the federal government to punish anyone who hinder another citizen’s right to vote.
Established the Civil Rights Division of the Justice Department
First time since the reconstruction that the US Government took measures to protect the civil rights of the country.
1960: Sit-ins occur throughout the South in protest of discrimination
Summer 1961: Freedom rides
Students testing the compliance of the deep South of the anti-segregation rulings
Aug. 26, 1963: March on Washington
Largest and most defining event of the Civil Rights Movement.
Where MLK delivered his “I have a dream” speech.
Quarter million people attended.
Sept.16,1963: Birmingham Bombings (Sixteenth Street Baptist Church)
Considered the deadliest act of violence to take place during the Civil Rights Movement.
Propelled the Civil Rights Movement Forward instead of stalling it
Nov. 22, 1963: JFK Assassination
JFK shot while in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas.
Spring 1964: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) begin organizing
July 2, 1964: Civil Rights Act of 1964
Lyndon Johnson signed into law.
Outlawed all segregation
Banned discrimination for employers
Summer 1964: Freedom Summer
Hundreds of students from Northern universities went south in hopes to register black voters.
1964: MLK wins Nobel Peace Prize
Feb. 3, 1964: New York School Riot
450,000 Students (Mostly Black and Puerto Rican) refused to go to school to protest the de-facto segregation by the New York City public schools.
March 7, 1965: Selma to Montgomery March
- The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) organizes a march from Selma to Montgomery to protest the resistance of black voter registrations
- April 4, 1965: MLK is assassinated
- Feb 12, 1965: Memphis Sanitation Workers Strike
Hundreds of Sanitation workers went on strike in Memphis, TN, to protest poor working conditions, higher wages, and recognition of their union, among other things.