The Civil Rights Movement

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TIMELINE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

 

  • Feb 12, 1909: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded
  • Founded by Ida B Wells-Barnett, W.E.B Dubois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villiard, and William English Walling.

  • Originally known as the National Negro Committee

  • May 17, 1954: Brown v. Board of Education

    • Ruled segregation in public schools unconstitutional, overturning the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson. Major victory for civil rights attorney Thurgood Marshall

  • August 18, 1955: Murder of Emmett Till

  • December 1955- : Montgommery Bus Boycott

    • Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white woman, and sparks a boycott of the Montgomery Buses. They were boycotting the segregation of buses.

  • May 17, 1957: Prayer Pilgrimage of Freedom

    • Non-violent demonstration in front of the Lincoln Monument to commemorate the Brown v. Board of Education ruling 3 years earlier.  

  • Sept. 3, 1957: Integration of Little Rock Central High School

    • 9 African American students integrated the high school under the protection of the Arkansas National Guard.

  • Sept. 9, 1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957
    • Allowed the federal government to punish anyone who hinder another citizen’s right to vote.

    • Established the Civil Rights Division of the Justice Department

    • First time since the reconstruction that the US Government took measures to protect the civil rights of the country.

    • 1960: Sit-ins occur throughout the South in protest of discrimination

  • Summer 1961: Freedom rides

    • Students testing the compliance of the deep South of the anti-segregation rulings

  • Aug. 26, 1963: March on Washington

    • Largest and most defining event of the Civil Rights Movement.

    • Where MLK delivered his “I have a dream” speech.

    • Quarter million people attended.

  • Sept.16,1963: Birmingham Bombings (Sixteenth Street Baptist Church)

    • Considered the deadliest act of violence to take place during the Civil Rights Movement.

    • Propelled the Civil Rights Movement Forward instead of stalling it

  • Nov. 22, 1963: JFK Assassination

    • JFK shot while in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas.

  • Spring 1964: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) begin organizing

  • July 2, 1964: Civil Rights Act of 1964

    • Lyndon Johnson signed into law.

    • Outlawed all segregation

    • Banned discrimination for employers

  • Summer 1964: Freedom Summer

    • Hundreds of students from Northern universities went south in hopes to register black voters.

  • 1964: MLK wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • Feb. 3, 1964: New York School Riot

    • 450,000 Students (Mostly Black and Puerto Rican) refused to go to school to protest the de-facto segregation by the New York City public schools.

  • March 7, 1965: Selma to Montgomery March

    • The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) organizes a march from Selma to Montgomery to protest the resistance of black voter registrations
  • April 4, 1965: MLK is assassinated
  • Feb 12, 1965: Memphis Sanitation Workers Strike
    • Hundreds of Sanitation workers went on strike in Memphis, TN, to protest poor working conditions, higher wages, and recognition of their union, among other things.